The Pug is the largest of the toy breeds. He is goofy, silly, and fun. Pugs were originally bred to be lap dogs and this is evident in the affection that they show to their owners. Nothing makes a Pug happier than being a member of the family.
With their large heads, big, sparkling eyes, and wrinkled faces, Pugs are able to achieve a wide variety of human-like expressions- happiness, surprise, and curiosity.
Because of their wonderful sense of humor, they are known as the clowns of the canine world, watch them spend hours and hours trying to show off for you and win your love.
So whether you have a Pug already or are wanting to adopt one, here are all the facts and tips for creating a lasting bond between you and your pup.
Meet The Pug
Weight: 14-18 pounds
Height: 10-14 inches tall at the shoulder
Life Expectancy: 12 to 15 years
Fur type: Pugs have a double coat of short, smooth hair. But they do shed a lot, because of this they are not hypoallergenic.
Color: Typically fawn or black. But coats can have different tints like apricot or silver.
Pugs are happy, affectionate, loyal, charming, playful, and mischievous. They can be trained to be social from a young age. They are even tempered and gentle. Many people would say that Pugs are a lot of dog in a little space. Pugs tend to be sensitive to the moods of their owners and are eager to please them.
Pugs are a small, quiet breed, and are for the most part inactive while indoors. They are great for apartment dwellers. While they are docile and peaceful dogs, they do require a daily walk or some playtime to get their wiggles out. Remember to only walk your pug in the cool mornings or evenings so they don’t overheat.
Good With Children
Because they are bigger and sturdier than most other toy breeds, Pugs are an ideal pet for children. They can withstand some rough play and love to be around people. They are sweet and loving by nature and will protect your children as well as entertain them with their goofy and charming antics. However, if your children are looking for more of an active breed that they can play fetch with or take for long walks, a Pug would not be the best choice for your family.
Good With Other Dogs
If trained from a young age, Pugs can learn to be social with other animals and can even be trusted with other animals like cats and rabbits.
Pugs have a short, double coat, and shed profusely. We recommend that if you live with a pug, to invest in a vacuum cleaner!
Regular brushing and monthly baths will help keep your Pugs coat in great condition and shedding to a minimum. A rubber curry brush will help remove and catch the shedding hair.
Pugs do not naturally wear down their nails, so regular nail-trimmings are necessary.
Teach your Pug to tolerate teeth cleaning. This will help prevent him from getting gingivitis. It may seem like a daunting challenge, but the more frequently you brush your Pugs teeth, the more acclimated to it they will become.
One of the best things that you can do for your pug to ensure a long healthy life is to regularly clean out his face folds. The wrinkly folds on his face, although adorable, are a hot breeding spot for infection and bacteria. It is very important that after baths you dry out the folds and in-between baths you clean them out. You can use a dry cotton ball to get the junk out or a wet wipe, whichever you have handy.
Pugs are not known as “yippie” or “yappy” and will not bark much, unless they feel threatened or if something feels wrong to them.
Trainability/Tips For Training
Pugs can be very stubborn and this can make it hard to train them. They do have a love for food, so using treats to your advantage might help your little guy learn quicker. Start training your puppy from the minute you bring him home, the earlier you start training, the faster he will pick it up and learn to behave well.
How To Feed My Pug
If you allow your pug to eat as much as he would like to, you will end up a roly-poly puppy. Pugs will eat everything and anything that you give them, so be sure to measure out their food and feed them small meals at regularly scheduled times.
Pugs are usually allergic to foods like corn, soy, and wheat. The best kind of food that you could give to your Pug is something that doesn’t contain any fake filler ingredients. Try feeding them raw food. This type of dog food contains 99% meat/organs/animal fats. Eating a raw, natural diet will ensure the best health of your Pug. And although they don’t appear too much like their wild wolf ancestors, their digestive systems still functions nearly the same and requires a diet derived from raw food sources. Your Pug will love eating raw food!
A high-quality diet of Raw food will ensure the best health condition for your pup. Because Pugs are prone to obesity, watch their calorie intake and weight. If you chose to give your dog treats, do so in moderation. Give table scraps sparingly and try to avoid giving your furry friend cooked bones or foods that are high in fat.
Feeding Your Puppy
Your cute little Pug should start eating a scheduled diet around 8 weeks. He should eat 4 times a day. Serve him 1/4-1/2 cup of puppy food. This schedule should be followed until your furry friend reaches 3 months of age. At this time you Pug can start eating 3 times a day instead of 4.
Feeding Your Adult
Once your Pug reaches 1 year, he will be ready to start eating adult food. At this time you may also want to decrease his eating from 3 times a day to twice daily. This will be your best option because Pugs tend to gain weight very easily. If you are concerned that your dog isn’t getting enough food, take a look at his shape. He should be broad at the shoulders and narrower beyond the shoulders, with a slight widening in the rump area. If you Pug happens to have a square shape, he is getting too much food.
Health Concerns For Pugs
To ensure you are getting a healthy Pug never buy one from an irresponsible breeder, puppy mill, or pet store.
- Heat stroke: Pugs suffer from heat stroke if they are outside for too long. When outside with your pug, watch for signs of overheating. They are definitely house dogs and should not be kept outside
- Breathing: Because of their short snout, pugs are prone to wheezing, snorting, and snoring loudly.
- Eye conditions: Since a Pug’s eyes are so prominent they tend to suffer from many eye injuries such as; proptosis, scratched corneas, entropion, and proptosis.
- Obesity: Be aware of how much you are giving your Pug. If your Pug is developing a square shape, he is eating too much.
- Pug Dog Encephalitis: This disease is not treatable nor is it testable. Most vets cannot diagnose it until after the death of the dog. It is an inflammation of the brain and meninges. It usually occurs between 6 and 7 months of age and is fatal.
Frequently Asked Questions About Pugs
Q. Will my pug bite?
A. Pugs are strong-willed but rarely aggressive. They will only bite in moments where they feel threatened or the need to protect.
Q. When will my pug stop growing?
A. Around 9 months your pug’s growth will start to slow. Some Pugs will actually stop growing then, others will put on a few more pounds before they reach a year. At 1 year your pug puppy will be considered an adult, and by this time their full height is reached. They will still keep filling out in width in the chest area and a little more muscle until about 18 months. If you notice your pug gaining weight in other areas or later than 18 months he may be gaining unnecessary weight and should be checked out by the veterinarian.
Q. Can pug eyes pop out?
A. Since Pugs have such beautiful bulgy eyes, they can accidentally go through something call proptosis, which is the popping out of the eyes. You might think this to be a very uncommon, scary thing, but in reality, it is more normal than you think. It is most common among breeds with short snouts and shallow eye sockets, like pugs. It can be a result of a trauma or it can happen completely all of a sudden. It isn’t something to be scared of if this happens to your pug, and you take action quickly, your beautiful best friend can have his eye reinserted and vision restored. Immediately call your vet and she will give you further instruction on how to help your dog.
Q. Can pigs swim?
A. Like most dogs, Pugs have a natural ability to swim. Does that mean that he will like the water? Not always. Make sure you introduce your pug to the water in a fun, positive way so that he will have a great first experience. This first time will really make it or break it in terms of him enjoy or disliking the pool. The barrel shape of your Pug does make it harder for him to swim than other breeds and he may get tired very quickly, but as long as you are there to supervise and help him if he starts to panic, he should be fine to swim.
Q. When will my pug go in heat?
A. Your female pug could start her first heat as early as 4 months or as late as 15 months. The most typical time is between 4 and 6 months of age. The average heat cycle will last from 2 to 3 weeks and your pug will enter heat every 5 to 8 months.
Q. How much do pugs cost?
A. Pugs can range anywhere from $250.00-$2,000.00. It all depends on pedigree, the area of the country, and health tests that the breeder has done on the parents. Many people would think that the more expensive the pug, the better the quality of life it will have. While that may be a good guess, price does not always indicate how your pug will live. Buying a puppy at 8-12 weeks is always a guessing game.
Q. Are pug puppies hyper?
A. Pug puppies are known to be more energetic than their older parents. This energy usually lasts until about 1 year of age. At this time they tend to slow down and really embrace their lazy personality.
Q. Why does my pug howl?
A. Pugs are very loyal dogs. They attach themselves to their humans and love them with all they are. They do not like to be left alone. Some Pugs have been known to howl when their humans leave. Every dog is different though, you might get a pug that howls in conversation or one that never makes any noise.
Q. Why do pug tails curl?
A. A dog’s tail is an extension of their spine. Kind of like our tailbones. It consists of bone and cartilage. Normally a dog’s tail extends straight out, but a pug’s tail curls up. This is an anomaly in how the vertebra develops. Specifically, the bones and the tail form a twisting wedge shape. The twisting is what causes the tail to curl.
So if you are looking for a dog with a ton of personality, one that will make you laugh as well as love you until his dying days, look no further. Your Pug will be your constant companion. He will love you as no has ever loved you before. Give him a lot of attention and love and you will have a forever best friend.