The black and white French Bulldog has black fur with white markings. They can also be known as piebald.
Black and white Frenchies have the same personality, needs, and health concerns as any other Frenchie.
And whilst this coat is unique and pretty, these Frenchies still suffer from problems associated with their flattened face.
Let’s take a closer look at the black and white French Bulldog.
Take a look below for everything we will cover in this guide to the black and white Frenchie.
- About the French Bulldog
- Standard Frenchie colors
- The black and white French Bulldog
- Black and white Frenchie temperament
- Training and Exercise
- Black and white French Bulldog health
- Grooming black and white Frenchies
- Black and white French Bulldog puppy
First things first, what is the French Bulldog breed like in general?
About the French Bulldog
The French Bulldog is originally from England. In the 19th century, Frenchies were larger, with smaller ears and longer snouts.
Their appearance first started to change when bull and bear baiting became illegal. The role of these dogs transformed as they became common lap dogs.
Smaller dogs were bred, and in France, breeding for the large bat-like ears we know today began.
Nowadays, French Bulldogs can be up to 12 inches tall, and weigh around 25 pounds. They have flat faces, large triangular ears, and stumpy tails.
Most Frenchies have short, dense coats. But what about their colors?
Standard French Bulldog Colors
According to the AKC, French Bulldog standard accepted colors include the following:
- Brindle and white
- Fawn Brindle
- Fawn and white
- White and brindle
- White and fawn
Beside these colors, there are also a lots of French Bulldog colors, including solid black, and black and white, which are popular among pet owners but don’t qualify for dog shows.
Standard markings include ticked. But black masks, piebald, brindle, and white markings are also accepted.
Black and White French Bulldogs
Black and white French Bulldogs have a black background with white markings, as white fur is always overlaid on top of a color.
One gene that controls white markings in dogs and other animals is known as the Piebald gene. However, the amount of white markings can change depending on the modifier genes present.
Some Frenchies with extreme piebald patterning might appear almost completely white.
So, not all black and white Frenchies have the exact same markings. It will depend in part on the genes they inherit from their parents.
Another unusual way to see white and black Frenchies is the ticking pattern. This is where you will see flecks of black fur in the white areas of a black and white pup.
How Different are Black and White Frenchies?
In everything apart from this coat color, a black white French Bulldog will be the same as any other colored Frenchie. They will still have flat faces, large triangular ears, expressive eyes, and a stubby tail.
But, either way, let’s take a look at what you can expect from a black and white Frenchie.
Black and White French Bulldog Temperament
If you’re welcoming, or thinking of welcoming, a black and white French Bulldog puppy into your home, you’ll need to know whether its temperament suits your family.
Since the 19th Century, Frenchies have been bred as lap dogs. So, modern Frenchies are known for being friendly, social, and loyal. They love spending time with their families, including curling up to sleep on their laps.
Black and white French Bulldogs will be intelligent, too. So, they need plenty of mental stimulation, through social interaction, toys, and training.
However, their loyalty comes with a slight downside. They have the potential to show guarding behaviors, especially towards strangers. And they can struggle to cope with separation if you go out.
Socialize your Frenchie
The best way to minimise any potential aggression or guarding tendencies is to socialize black and white French Bulldog puppies well.
This means letting them experience as many new things and people as possible whilst they’re still young.
A well socialized Frenchie will be friendly, confident, and loving.
Black and White Frenchie Training and Exercise
As we mentioned, Frenchies of all colors are intelligent dogs. So, they will take well to training.
Training can also be a great way to let your Frenchie fulfil some of his daily exercise needs.
You should train your French Bulldog from the time he’s a puppy. Short, positive reward sessions will be best. Make sure your training is consistent for best results.
Now, what about exercise?
Exercising Black and White Frenchies
French Bulldogs are small dogs, so they won’t need as much exercise as larger breeds. However, they will still need daily exercise.
They can suit living in apartments, as long as they get the chance to stretch their legs every day.
One thing to be aware of when exercising a black and white French Bulldog is their tendency to overheat. This is not to do with their fur color, but is a problem linked to their facial shape.
Brachycephalic dogs with flat noses struggle to breathe compared to dogs with longer faces. So, they overheat a lot more easily in hot weather, or when doing a lot of exercise. This means they are more prone to heatstroke.
They are also at a higher risk of danger when swimming because of this face shape.
So, when exercising your Frenchie, keep a close watch. Supervise exercise to ensure your puppy doesn’t overheat, and never let them go in water without supervision.
Black and White French Bulldog Health
A lot of the health problems that the black and white Frenchie will be prone to are linked to its facial and body structure.
Let’s examine some of these in a little more detail.
Chondrodystrophy is a type of dwarfism. This condition affects all French Bulldogs, and is responsible for their large heads and narrow hips.
This body structure means that many female Frenchies are actually unable to naturally give birth to puppies. They often need medical help to deliver puppies through a caesarean section.
Chondrodystrophy is also linked to back problems such as intervertebral disc disease.
Not only does this cause expensive vet bills, but it causes a lot of pain for Frenchies. It can also lead to back and gait problems as your dog ages.
Black and white French Bulldogs will have the naturally short tails that Frenchies experience. These are often in the form of a ‘screw’ tail.
Screw tails can get dirty really easily, so you will need to ensure that your black and white Frenchie is clean whenever he is done going to the toilet.
This type of tail in French Bulldogs is linked to back problems, and can require surgery in extreme cases.
You can read more about this problem here.
Brachycephaly is the term that describes dogs with flat faces. Black and white French Bulldogs are brachycephalic.
And unfortunately this facial shape comes with a number of health problems, too. These include:
- Brachycephalic ocular syndrome
- Brachycephalic airway syndrome
- Difficulty breathing
Unfortunately, there is nothing we can do to fix these problems, as they have been bred into Frenchies over generations. Sometimes surgery is required to alleviate these issues, but it cannot solve them.
Other Frenchie Problems
As well as these body conformation issues, there are some other problems that black and white Frenchies can suffer from. These include:
- Neurological problems
- Eye problems
- Hip and elbow dysplasia
- Von Willebrand’s Disease
Luckily, some of these problems can be tested for. So, going to responsible breeders can help to minimise this risk.
However, there is no way to test for puppies that are less likely to be affected by brachycephalic problems.
Black and White French Bulldog Grooming
Apart from coloring, black and white Frenchies will have the same short, dense coat as other members of this breed.
Luckily, they don’t require a lot of grooming, which is another reason they are so popular.
A weekly brushing is generally all that is needed. As well as an occasional bath.
Frenchies will also shed. But, grooming can help to keep on top of this.
Cleaning Their Skin
More important than brushing your Frenchie’s fur is cleaning his skin folds. The folds around his face can collect dirt and moisture.
You need to clean and dry these regularly to ensure that there is no build up of dirt or fungus.
Also regularly check ears and nails. They will need cleaning and trimming.
Black and White French Bulldog Puppy
Black and white Frenchies are hugely popular, even though their coloring is considered undesirable by lots of kennel clubs.
If you’re considering trying to bring a Frenchie with this interesting coloring into your home, you have two options.
You can either choose a reputable breeder, or choose to rescue a Frenchie. Unfortunately, there are a lot of Frenchies that need rescuing, as many people don’t realise the high level of care these small dogs need.
Not all rescue dogs are older. In fact, you may even be able to find a black and white Frenchie puppy in a rescue center.
The staff in these places are often able to tell you a little more about a puppy’s personality too. So, this is a great option if you are looking for one of these dogs.
It can also help to reduce the number of unethical breeders that are responding to the high demand for flat-faced, ‘fashionable’ dogs.
Black and White French Bulldog Summary
What do you think about the black and white Frenchie? This is a popular color for the small French Bulldog.
But despite their cool coat pattern, these little dogs still suffer from the same health problems as any other Frenchie.
What’s your favorite thing about the black and white French Bulldog?
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References and Resources
- Mayousse, V. (et al), ‘Prevalence of Neurological Disorders in French Bulldog: A Retrospective Study of 343 Cases (2002 – 2016)’, BMC Veterinary Research (2017)
- Benlloch-Gonzalez, M. (et al), ‘Nasal-Skin-Fold Transposition Flap for Upper Lip Reconstruction in a French Bulldog’, The Canadian Veterinary Journal (2013)
- Sponenberg, D. P. & Rothschild, M. ‘Genetics of Coat Color and Hair Texture’, The Genetics of the Dog (2001)
- Brown, E. (et al), ‘FGF4 Retrogene on CFA12 is Responsible for Chondrodystrophy and Intervertebral Disc Disease in Dogs’, PNAS (2017)
- Penderis, J. ‘Congenital Vertebral Abnormalities Associated with Screw Tail Conformation’, British Small Animal Veterinary Association (2018)
- O’Neill, D. (et al), ‘Demography and Disorders of the French Bulldog Population Under Primary Veterinary Care in the UK in 2013‘, Canine Medicine and Genetics (2018)